Linguistic Diversity and Multilingualism in Canadian Homes

Linguistic diversity is on the rise in Canada. More and more Canadians are reporting a mother tongue or language spoken at home other than English or French.

Languages other than English and French, referred to as “other languages”, can be divided into two broad categories: Aboriginal languages and immigrant languages. Aboriginal languages refer to languages (other than English and French) traditionally spoken by the Aboriginal peoples of Canada, i.e., First Nations (North American Indians), Métis and Inuit. Immigrant languages refer to languages whose presence is initially due to immigration after English and French colonization. (Source: Statistics Canada)


Proportion of Mother Tongue Responses for Various Regions in Canada, 2016 Census:

This interactive bubble chart shows the proportions of persons reporting various languages as their mother tongue. The initial view shows the proportion of population reporting English, French, an Aboriginal or an immigrant language. The Aboriginal and immigrant language bubbles can be clicked to display the relative proportions of each individual language reported in that group. Data views are available for various geographic levels including Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas (CMAs), census agglomerations (CAs). A corresponding table below the chart shows counts and percentages for all mother tongue responses for the selected geography. (Source: Statistics Canada)